Source code: signature.js
Note that signatures are handled automatically by Money Button behind the scenes and it is not necessary to deal with signatures directly unless you are building an advanced application.
An ECDSA signature consists of two numbers, r and s, both of which are big numbers. A signature is produced from a private key and a message and a signature is verified using a public key, a signature and the message. Only the person with the private key can produce a signature for a corresponding public key, and anyone with the public key can verify the authenticity of the signature.
In a Bitcoin transaction, another value called the SIGHASH type is added to a signature. The SIGHASH type specifies what operation is used to create and verify the signature. A signature inside a Bitcoin transaction is encoded in DER format followed by a single byte indicated the SIGHASH type. The DER format itself includes several header bytes.
A DER formatted signature looks like this:
[header, length, rheader, rlength, r, sheader, slength, s]
Where these fields are defined as:
|length||The total length of what follows, including all headers and r and s value|
|rlength||The length of r|
|r||r encoded in big endian sign magnitude format|
|slength||The length of s|
|s||s encoded in big endian sign magnitude format|
A signature inside a Bitcoin transaction looks like this:
Where "der" is formatted according to the above definition, and sighash is a single byte that can be SIGHASH_ALL, SIGHASH_SINGLE, SIGHASH_ANYONECANPAY, or SIGHASH_NONE.
In a Bitcoin Signed Message, signatures are formatted differently than inside a Bitcoin transaction. Firstly, the message is hashed using a "Bitcoin Signed Message:\n" prefix, and secondly, the signature itself is formatted as a base64 representation of two 256 bit numbers, r and s, which is quite different from DER format.
Here is an example building a DER signature (found inside a Bitcoin transction) and a compact signature (found inside a Bitcoin Signed Message):
var data = 'my data' var privateKey = bsv.PrivKey.fromRandom() var hash = bsv.crypto.Hash.sha256(Buffer.from(data)) var sig1 = bsv.crypto.ECDSA.sign(hash, privateKey) console.log(sig1.toString('hex')) // prints: // 30440220683f3c385edc42223c4efa00493c34532379ac88c1d2fa57997d903de44a7e9302202175d70f029515f0013c1d10de82b116984c7511f3f52928470ddfb49505ac00 var sig2 = bsv.crypto.ECDSA.signWithCalcI(hash, privateKey) console.log(sig2.toCompact().toString('base64')) // prints: // H2g/PDhe3EIiPE76AEk8NFMjeayIwdL6V5l9kD3kSn6TIXXXDwKVFfABPB0Q3oKxFphMdRHz9SkoRw3ftJUFrAA=